Interculturalism and non‐formal education in Brazil: a Buberian perspective

Guilherme, Alexandre and Morgan, W. J. and Freire, Ida (2012) Interculturalism and non‐formal education in Brazil: a Buberian perspective. Educational Philosophy and Theory, 44 (9). pp. 1024-1039. ISSN 0013-1857

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Gilberto Freyre, the great Brazilian historian and sociologist, described Brazil as a ‘racial paradise’, a place where different races and nationalities have come to live together in a sort of ‘racial democracy’. The literature on this topic has become extensive as anthropologists, social scientists and historians felt the need to either prove or disprove such a claim. The argument that Brazil is a racial paradise or democracy is certainly romantic, even utopian; but it is true that Brazil has not experienced the sort of racial friction that has been found in places such as South Africa (e.g. apartheid) or the USA (e.g. segregation laws). This article analyses interculturalism and non‐formal education in Brazilian society from the perspective of Martin Buber's philosophy of dialogue and demonstrates some of the advantages interculturalism has over multiculturalism. We further suggest that the example of modern and contemporary Brazil follows Martin Buber in ‘pointing the way’ for other countries and for other societies and cultures.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information and Comments: This is an Author's Original Manuscript of an article submitted for consideration in Educational Philosophy and Theory [copyright Taylor & Francis]; Educational Philosophy and Theory is available online at
Keywords: interculturalism, multiculturalism, Buber, dialogical education, Brazil
Subjects: L Education > LB Theory and practice of education
Faculty / Department: Faculty of Education > Education Studies
Depositing User: Users 4 not found.
Date Deposited: 10 Mar 2014 08:47
Last Modified: 10 Mar 2014 08:47

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