Fit to last: Exploring the longevity of the survival

Clark, Daniel P. A. and Bruno, Davide (2015) Fit to last: Exploring the longevity of the survival. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology. ISSN 1747-0226

Clark+Bruno2015.pdf - Accepted Version

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Mounting evidence indicates that processing items for their survival value produces superior
recall compared to a number of other well-known memory-enhancing techniques, and that
this mnemonic advantage remains up to 48 hours after encoding (Raymaekers et al., 2013).
However, little attention has been dedicated to the survival processing effect in location
memory, which may represent a better test of adaptive memory than retrieval of verbal
information. The current study aims to fill this gap by exploring the longevity of the survival
processing effect with both word list (Experiment 1) and location based (Experiment 2)
stimuli. Participants rated target items using a single incidental encoding scenario, either
Survival versus Pleasantness (word stimuli) or Survival versus Scavenger Hunt (location
stimuli). They were then asked to complete a surprise recall task immediately after the ratings
and a second recall task 96 hours later. The results demonstrated that, despite a general
reduction in memory performance across time, the survival processing advantage was
detected at both test times for both stimuli types. These findings provide further support for
the survival processing effect and extend the observed effect duration for both word lists and
location to 96 hours.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information and Comments: This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis in the Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology on [date of publication], available online:
Keywords: Survival processing, Adaptive memory, forgetting
Faculty / Department: Faculty of Science > Psychology
Depositing User: Emanuele Secco
Date Deposited: 05 Feb 2016 09:25
Last Modified: 31 Jul 2016 00:15

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