Clustered Cardiometabolic Risk and Arterial Stiffness of Recreational Adult Tennis Players

Roche, Denise M. and Jackson, Matthew and Amirabdollahian, Farzad and Khaiyat, Omid (2020) Clustered Cardiometabolic Risk and Arterial Stiffness of Recreational Adult Tennis Players. The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness. ISSN 0022-4707

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Abstract

BACKGROUND: Recent evidence highlights racquet sports as being associated with a substantially reduced risk of CVD mortality. The purpose of this investigation was to evaluate clustered cardiometabolic risk (CMR) and arterial stiffness in recreational adult tennis players.
METHODS: Forty-three recreational tennis players (T) and a matched group of 45 healthy, active non-tennis (NT) players, mean age (± SEM) 41.6 ± 1.8 years participated. CMR was assessed by cluster analysis incorporating emerging and traditional CVD risk factors. Arterial stiffness was determined through pulse wave analysis/velocity.
RESULTS: Analysis of covariance, controlling for age, revealed T had significantly lower (healthier) CMR scores than NT, using a cluster of: central aortic systolic blood pressure, carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity, percentage body fat, HDL-C and maximal oxygen uptake (EMM ± SEM, T: -0.48 ± 0.3 vs NT: 0.50 ± 0.3, P = 0.03). Similarly, T also demonstrated lower clustered CMRs for the traditional composite of brachial systolic blood pressure, triglycerides, TC:HDL-C, percentage body fat, HbA1c and maximal oxygen uptake (EMM, T: -0.66 ± 0.4 vs NT: 0.59 ± 0.4, P = 0.04). Augmentation index of the pulse pressure wave, normalised to heart rate 75 bpm (AIx75), was lower in T vs NT (EMM, T: 10.7 ± 1.7% vs NT: 12.7 ± 1.6%; P = 0.03), when controlling for age and gender.
CONCLUSIONS: Tennis appears to be a suitable and effective physical activity modality for targetting cardiometabolic and vascular health and should be more frequently advocated in physical activity promotion strategies.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information and Comments: This is a postprint version of the article published in The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness. This version is free to view and download to private research and study only. Not for redistribution or re-use. ©Edizioni Minerva Medica. The final published article is available online on Minerva Medica website at https://www.minervamedica.it/en/journals/sports-med-physical-fitness/article.php?cod=R40Y9999N00A20121406 Cite this article as: Roche DM, Jackson M, Amirabdollahian F, Khaiyat O. Clustered cardiometabolic risk and arterial stiffness of recreational adult tennis players. J Sports Med Phys Fitness 2020 Dec 14. DOI: 10.23736/S0022-4707.20.11674-8
Keywords: Arterial Stiffness, Augmentation Index, Clustered Cardiometabolic Risk, Pulse Wave Velocity, Tennis
Faculty / Department: Faculty of Science > School of Health Sciences
Depositing User: Denise Roche
Date Deposited: 16 Sep 2021 10:39
Last Modified: 17 Sep 2021 13:38
URI: https://hira.hope.ac.uk/id/eprint/3372

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