Presenteeism and Work Ability: Development of the Persian Version of the Stanford Presenteeism Scale (P-SPS-6) and Measurement of its Psychometric Properties

Abdi, Fatemeh and Jahangiri, Mehdi and Kamalinia, Mojtaba and Cousins, Rosanna and Mokarami, Hamidreza (2021) Presenteeism and Work Ability: Development of the Persian Version of the Stanford Presenteeism Scale (P-SPS-6) and Measurement of its Psychometric Properties. BMC Psychology.

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Abstract

Background: Presenteeism is recognized in Iran’s hospitals, however little research has been done to understand and tackle the phenomenon because of a lack of valid tools to measure presenteeism. This study aimed to develop a Persian version of the Stanford Presenteeism Scale (SPS-6) and measure its psychometric properties. Another goal was to examine the relationship between presenteeism and work ability using a sample of 250 nurses.
Methods: The forward-backward translation process and cross-cultural adaptation of the scale were performed according to a standard method. The psychometric properties of the scale were measured using face and content validity, construct validity based on confirmatory factor analysis (CFA), and internal consistency. Work ability score (WAS) was used to assess discriminative validity and examine the relationship between presenteeism and work ability. Measures of Job Satisfaction and Emotional Exhaustion were used to assess convergent validity with the developed presenteeism scale.
Results: Mean content validity index (CVI) and content validity ratio (CVR) were 1 and 0.93 respectively. CFA verified the two-dimensional structure of the scale. Cronbach's alpha was 0.77.
There were positive relationships between P-SPS-6 and Job Satisfaction, and P-SPS-6 and WAS. There was a significant negative relationship between P-SPS-6 and Emotional Exhaustion.
Conclusion: Our findings suggested that the P-SPS-6 had appropriate psychometric properties for studying presenteeism in employees using the Persian language. Given the negative relationship between presenteeism and work ability and the negative consequences associated with it, it is necessary to regularly evaluate this stressor and to emphasize purposeful intervention programs to control or reduce it.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information and Comments: Open Access paper. Licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Keywords: Presenteeism; Absenteeism; Work ability; Nurses; Reliability; Validity
Faculty / Department: Faculty of Science > Psychology
Depositing User: Rosanna Cousins
Date Deposited: 02 Sep 2021 08:27
Last Modified: 02 Sep 2021 08:27
URI: https://hira.hope.ac.uk/id/eprint/3347

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