Hemodynamic Analysis for Olfactory Perceptual Degradation Assessment Using Generalized Type-2 Fuzzy Regression

Laha, Mousumi and Konar, Amit and Rakshit, Pratyusha and Nagar, Atulya K. (2021) Hemodynamic Analysis for Olfactory Perceptual Degradation Assessment Using Generalized Type-2 Fuzzy Regression. IEEE Transactions on Cognitive and Developmental Systems. ISSN 2379-8920 (Accepted for Publication)

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Abstract

Olfactory perceptual degradation refers to the inability of people to recognize the variation in concentration levels of olfactory stimuli. The paper attempts to assess the degree of olfactory perceptual degradation of subjects from their hemodynamic response to olfactory stimuli. This is done in 2 phases. In the first (training) phase, a regression model is developed to assess the degree of concentration levels of an olfactory stimulus by a subject from her hemodynamic response to the stimulus. In the second (test) phase, the model is employed to predict the possible concentration level experienced by the subject in [0, 100] scale. The difference between the model-predicted response and the oral response (the center value of the qualitative grades) of the subject about her perceived concentration level is regarded as the quantitative measure of the degree of subject's olfactory degradation. The novelty of the present research lies in the design of a General Type-2 fuzzy regression model, which is capable of handling uncertainty due to the presence of intra- and inter-session variations in the brain responses to olfactory stimuli. The attractive feature of the paper lies in adaptive tuning of secondary membership functions to reduce model prediction error in an evolutionary optimization setting. The effect of such adaptation in secondary measures is utilized to adjust the corresponding primary memberships in order to reduce the uncertainty involved in the regression process. The proposed regression model has good prediction accuracy and high time-efficiency as evident from average percentage success rate (PSR) and run-time complexity analysis respectively. The Friedman test undertaken also confirms the superior performance of the proposed technique with other competitive techniques at 95% confidence level.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information and Comments: This article has been accepted for publication in IEEE Transactions on Cognitive and Developmental Systems. © 2020 IEEE. Personal use of this material is permitted. Permission from IEEE must be obtained for all other uses, in any current or future media, including reprinting/republishing this material for advertising or promotional purposes, creating new collective works, for resale or redistribution to servers or lists, or reuse of any copyrighted component of this work in other works.
Keywords: Olfactory perceptual degradation, Hemodynamic analysis by Functional near-infrared spectroscopy (f-NIRs), Type-2 fuzzy reasoning and regression.
Faculty / Department: Faculty of Science > Mathematics and Computer Science
Depositing User: Atulya Nagar
Date Deposited: 06 Aug 2021 15:31
Last Modified: 06 Aug 2021 15:31
URI: https://hira.hope.ac.uk/id/eprint/3328

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