The Differential Effect of Anxiety and ADHD Symptoms on Inhibitory Control and Sustained Attention for Threat Stimuli: A Go/No-Go Eye-Movement Study

Manoli, Athina and Liversedge, Simon, P. and Sonuga-Barke, Edmund and Hadwin, Julie A. (2020) The Differential Effect of Anxiety and ADHD Symptoms on Inhibitory Control and Sustained Attention for Threat Stimuli: A Go/No-Go Eye-Movement Study. Journal of Attention Disorders. ISSN 1087-0547, ESSN: 1557-1246

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Abstract

Objective: This study examined the synergistic effects of ADHD and anxiety symptoms on attention and inhibitory control depending on the emotional content of the stimuli. Method: Fifty-four typically developing individuals (27 children/adolescents and 27 adults) completed an eye-movement based emotional Go/No-Go task, using centrally presented (happy, angry) faces and neutral/symbolic stimuli. Sustained attention was measured through saccade latencies and saccadic omission errors (Go trials), and inhibitory control through saccadic commission errors (No-Go trials). ADHD and anxiety were assessed dimensionally. Results: Elevated ADHD symptoms were associated with more commission errors and slower saccade latencies for angry (vs happy) faces. In contrast, angry faces were linked to faster saccade onsets when anxiety symptoms were high, and this effect prevailed when both anxiety and ADHD symptoms were high. Conclusion: Social threat impacted performance in individuals with sub-clinical anxiety and ADHD differently. The effects of anxiety on threat processing prevailed when both symptoms were high.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information and Comments: This is the author's post peer review version of an article, the final version will appear in the Sage Publications journal - Journal of Attention Disorders. Available online at: https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/full/10.1177/1087054720930809
Faculty / Department: Faculty of Education > Early Childhood
Faculty of Education > Education Studies
Depositing User: Julie Hadwin
Date Deposited: 15 Jul 2020 08:51
Last Modified: 10 Aug 2020 11:15
URI: https://hira.hope.ac.uk/id/eprint/3105

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