Sex/gender differences in camouflaging in children and adolescents with autism

Wood-Downie, Henry and Wong, Bonnie and Kovshoff, Hanna and Mandy, William and Hull, Laura and Hadwin, Julie A. (2020) Sex/gender differences in camouflaging in children and adolescents with autism. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders. ISSN 0162-3257

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Abstract

This study investigated sex/gender differences in camouflaging with children and adolescents (N = 84) with and without an autism diagnosis/increased levels of autistic traits using two conceptualisations/operationalisations of camouflaging. Analyses – controlling for verbal IQ – showed that autistic and neurotypical females had similar levels of social reciprocity, whereas autistic males had lower reciprocity than neurotypical males. Autistic females had higher reciprocity than autistic males, despite similar levels of autistic traits (behavioural camouflaging). Additionally, autistic females and males had similar levels of theory of mind, despite females having increased reciprocity (compensatory camouflaging). These findings provide evidence of increased camouflaging in autistic females and have implications for understanding potential delay in the recognition of difficulties and provision of additional support for this group.
Keywords: camouflaging; compensation; masking; autism; sex/gender differences; reciprocity

Item Type: Article
Additional Information and Comments: https://www.springer.com/gp/open-access/publication-policies/self-archiving-policy. “The final publication is available at https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10803-020-04615-z."
Keywords: Keywords: camouflaging; compensation; masking; autism; sex/gender differences; reciprocity
Faculty / Department: Faculty of Education > Early Childhood
Faculty of Education > Education Studies
Depositing User: Julie Hadwin
Date Deposited: 13 Jul 2020 13:37
Last Modified: 10 Aug 2020 11:12
URI: https://hira.hope.ac.uk/id/eprint/3104

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