Dissociating Biases Towards the Self and Positive Emotion

Stolte, Moritz and Humphreys, Glyn and Yankouskaya, Alla and Sui, Jie (2016) Dissociating Biases Towards the Self and Positive Emotion. The Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 70 (6). pp. 1011-1022. ISSN 1747-0226

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Abstract

We examined whether self-biases in perceptual matching reflect the positive valence of self-related
stimuli. Participants associated geometric shapes with either personal labels (e.g., you, friend,
stranger) or faces with different emotional expressions (e.g., happy, neutral, sad). They then judged
whether shape-label or shape-face pairs were as originally shown or re-paired. Match times were
faster to self-associated stimuli and to stimuli associated with the most positive valence. In addition,
both the self-bias and the positive emotion-bias were reliable across individuals in different test
sessions. In contrast there was no sign of a correlation between the self-bias and the emotion-bias
effects. We argue that self-bias and the bias to stimuli linked to positive emotion are separate and may
reflect different underlying processes.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information and Comments: The final, published version is available at http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1080/17470218.2015.1101477
Keywords: Perceptual matching; Positive emotion; Self-bias
Faculty / Department: Faculty of Science > Psychology
Depositing User: Alla Yankouskaya
Date Deposited: 05 Feb 2018 15:03
Last Modified: 05 Feb 2018 15:03
URI: https://hira.hope.ac.uk/id/eprint/2210

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