The Applied Model of Imagery Use: Examination of Moderation and Mediation Effects

Koehn, Stefan and Stavrou, Nektarios and Young, Janet and Morris, Tony (2015) The Applied Model of Imagery Use: Examination of Moderation and Mediation Effects. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports, 26 (8). pp. 975-984.

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The applied model of mental imagery use proposed an interaction effect between imagery type and imagery ability (Martin et al., 1999). This study had two aims, (i) the examination of imagery ability as a moderating variable between imagery type and dispositional flow, and (ii) the testing of alternative mediation models. The sample consisted of 367 athletes from Scotland and Australia, who completed the Sport Imagery Questionnaire, Sport Imagery Ability Questionnaire, and Dispositional Flow Scale-2. Hierarchical regression analysis showed direct effects of imagery use and imagery ability on flow, but no significant interaction. Mediation analysis revealed a significant indirect path, indicating a partially mediated relationship (p = .002) between imagery use, imagery ability, and flow. Partial mediation was confirmed when the effect of cognitive imagery use and cognitive imagery ability was tested, and a full mediation model was found between motivational imagery use, motivational imagery ability and flow. The results are discussed in conjunction with potential future research directions on advancing theory and applications.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information and Comments: This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: Koehn, S., Stavrou, N. A. M., Young, J. A. and Morris, T. (2015), The applied model of imagery use: Examination of moderation and mediation effects. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports. doi: 10.1111/sms.12525, which has been published in final form at This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Self-Archiving."
Faculty / Department: Faculty of Science > School of Health Sciences
Depositing User: Stefan Koehn
Date Deposited: 11 Jul 2016 09:02
Last Modified: 19 Jan 2018 11:53

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