The Relation of Pro-Sociality to Self-Esteem: The Mediational Role of Quality of Friendships

Zuffianò, Antonio and Eisenberg, Nancy and Alessandri, Guido and Luengo Kanacri, Bernadette Paula and Pastorelli, Concetta and Milioni, Michela and Caprara, Gian Vittorio (2014) The Relation of Pro-Sociality to Self-Esteem: The Mediational Role of Quality of Friendships. Journal of Personality, 84 (1). pp. 59-70. ISSN 00223506

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Official URL: http://doi.org/10.1111/jopy.12137

Abstract

The present longitudinal study examined the role of quality of friendship in mediating the relation of pro-sociality to self-esteem over time. Participants were 424 Italian young adults (56% females) assessed at two waves (Mage  = 21.1 at Time 1; Mage  = 25 at Time 2). An autoregressive cross-lagged panel model was used to test the mediational model. Self- and friend-report measures of pro-sociality, quality of friendship, and self-esteem were included in the analyses. Results were in line with the hypothesized paths, with quality of friendship mediating the relation of pro-sociality to later self-esteem above and beyond its high stability. Self-esteem, in turn, predicted pro-sociality 4 years later. Overall, the present findings support the potential benefits of behaving pro-socially for an actor in terms of increased perceived self-worth and also expand previous work by outlining the specific mediational role of the quality of friendships. The theoretical and practical implications of these results are discussed.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information and Comments: "This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: Zuffianò, A., Eisenberg, N., Alessandri, G., Luengo Kanacri, B. P., Pastorelli, C., Milioni, M. and Caprara, G. V. (2016), The Relation of Pro-Sociality to Self-Esteem: The Mediational Role of Quality of Friendships. Journal of Personality, 84: 59–70. doi: 10.1111/jopy.12137, which has been published in final form at http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/jopy.12137/abstract. This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Self-Archiving."
Faculty / Department: Faculty of Science > Psychology
Depositing User: Antonio Zuffiano
Date Deposited: 06 Apr 2016 15:07
Last Modified: 11 Sep 2016 08:18
URI: http://hira.hope.ac.uk/id/eprint/981

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