Anthropometric Indicators of Adiposity related to Body Weight and Body Shape as Cardiometabolic Risk Predictors in British young adults: Superiority of Waist to Height Ratio

Amirabdollahian, Farzad and Haghighatdoost, Fahimeh (2018) Anthropometric Indicators of Adiposity related to Body Weight and Body Shape as Cardiometabolic Risk Predictors in British young adults: Superiority of Waist to Height Ratio. Journal of Obesity, 2018. ISSN 2090-0708

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Abstract

Frequently reported poor dietary habits of young adults increases their risk of metabolic syndrome (MetS). Excess adiposity is the most established predictor of MetS and numerous anthropometric measures have been proposed as proxy indicators of adiposity. We aimed to assess prevalence of MetS in young adult population, and to make comparison between weight and shape oriented measures of adiposity to identify the best index in association with measured body fat and as risk predictor for MetS. Healthy males and females aged 18–25 years from the Northwest of England were recruited using convenience sampling (n=550). As part of the assessment of the overall health of young adults, the biochemical variables and adiposity measures BMI, waist circumference (WC), waist-to-height ratio (WHtR), waist-to-hip ratio (WHR), new BMI, Body Adiposity Index (BAI), Clinica Universidad de Navarra-Body Adiposity Estimator (CUN-BAE) and A Body Shape Index (ABSI)) were assessed. Linear regression analysis was used to investigate the association between the proxy indices of adiposity and measured percentage body fat. The odds ratio with 95% confidence interval was used to investigate the relationship between cardiometabolic (CM) risk factors and proxy measures of adiposity. The discriminatory power of these measures for diagnosis of MetS was investigated using area under the receiver operating characteristic curve. Body weight related indicators of adiposity, particularly CUN-BAE, had stronger association with measured body fat compared with body shape related indices. In relation with MetS, body shape related indices, particularly elevated WC and WHtR, had stronger associations with CM risk compared with body weight related measures. Amongst all indices, the best predictor for CM risk was WHtR; while, ABSI had the weakest correlation with body fat, MetS and CM risk. Indices directly associated with WC and specifically WHtR had greater diagnostic power in detection of CM risk in young adults.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information and Comments: Copyright © 2018 Farzad Amirabdollahian and Fahimeh Haghighatdoost. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. The final, published version is available at https://www.hindawi.com/journals/jobe/2018/8370304/
Faculty / Department: Faculty of Science > School of Health Sciences
Depositing User: Farzad Amirabdollahian
Date Deposited: 29 Oct 2018 14:50
Last Modified: 02 Nov 2018 08:54
URI: http://hira.hope.ac.uk/id/eprint/2642

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