Prior exercise speeds pulmonary oxygen uptake kinetics and increases critical power during supine but not upright cycling

Goulding, Richie P and Roche, Denise and Marwood, Simon (2017) Prior exercise speeds pulmonary oxygen uptake kinetics and increases critical power during supine but not upright cycling. Experimental Physiology. ISSN 1469-445X

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Abstract

Critical power (CP) is a fundamental parameter defining high-intensity exercise tolerance and is related to the time constant of phase II pulmonary oxygen uptake kinetics (τV̇O2). To test the hypothesis that this relationship is causal we determined the impact of prior exercise (“priming”) on CP and τV̇O2 in the upright and supine positions. 17 healthy men were assigned to either upright or supine exercise groups, whereby CP, τV̇O2 and muscle deoxyhaemoglobin kinetics (τ[HHb]) were determined via constant-power tests to exhaustion at four work-rates with (primed) and without (control) priming exercise at ∼31%Δ. During supine exercise, priming reduced τV̇O2 (control: 54 ± 18 vs. primed: 39 ± 11 s; P < 0.001), increased τ[HHb] (control: 8 ± 4 vs. primed: 12 ± 4 s; P = 0.003) and increased CP (control: 177 ± 31 vs. primed: 185 ± 30 W, P = 0.006) compared to control. However, priming exercise had no effect on τV̇O2 (control: 37 ± 12 vs. primed: 35 ± 8 s; P = 0.82), τ[HHb] (CON: 10 ± 5 s vs. PRI: 14 ± 10; P = 0.10), or CP (control: 235 ± 42 vs. primed: 232 ± 35 W; P = 0.57) during upright exercise. The concomitant reduction of τV̇O2 and increased CP following priming in the supine group, effects that were absent in the upright group, provides the first experimental evidence that τV̇O2 is mechanistically related to critical power. The increased τ[HHb] suggests that this effect was mediated, at least in part, by improved oxygen availability.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information and Comments: This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: Goulding, R. P., Roche, D. M. and Marwood, S. Prior exercise speeds pulmonary oxygen uptake kinetics and increases critical power during supine but not upright cycling, which has been published in final form at http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1113/EP086304/full This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Self-Archiving.
Keywords: critical power, oxygen uptake kinetics, priming exercise, near infrared spectroscopy
Faculty / Department: Faculty of Science > School of Health Sciences
Depositing User: Simon Marwood
Date Deposited: 20 Jun 2017 15:03
Last Modified: 20 Jun 2017 15:03
URI: http://hira.hope.ac.uk/id/eprint/2065

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