Investigating strength and frequency effects in recognition memory using type-2 signal detection theory

Higham, Philip A. and Perfect, Timothy J. and Bruno, Davide (2009) Investigating strength and frequency effects in recognition memory using type-2 signal detection theory. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 35 (1). pp. 57-80. ISSN 1939-1285

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Abstract

Criterion- versus distribution-shift accounts of frequency and strength effects in recognition memory were investigated with Type-2 signal detection receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis, which provides a measure of metacognitive monitoring. Experiment 1 demonstrated a frequency-based mirror effect, with a higher hit rate and lower false alarm rate, for low frequency words compared with high frequency words. In Experiment 2, the authors manipulated item strength with repetition, which showed an increased hit rate but no effect on the false alarm rate. Whereas Type-1 indices were ambiguous as to whether these effects were based on a criterion- or distribution-shift model, the two models predict opposite effects on Type-2 distractor monitoring under some assumptions. Hence, Type-2 ROC analysis discriminated between potential models of recognition that could not be discriminated using Type-1 indices alone. In Experiment 3, the authors manipulated Type-1 response bias by varying the number of old versus new response categories to confirm the assumptions made in Experiments 1 and 2. The authors conclude that Type-2 analyses are a useful tool for investigating recognition memory when used in conjunction with more traditional Type-1 analyses.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information and Comments: This article may not exactly replicate the final version published in the APA journal. It is not the copy of record.
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Faculty / Department: Faculty of Science > Psychology
Depositing User: Users 4 not found.
Date Deposited: 10 Mar 2014 08:45
Last Modified: 10 Mar 2014 08:45
URI: http://hira.hope.ac.uk/id/eprint/48

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