Abubakari, Abdul-Razak and Cousins, Rosanna and Thomas, Cecil and Sharma, Dushyant and Naderali, Ebrahim (2015) Socio-demographic and clinical predictors of self-management among people with poorly controlled type 1 and type 2 diabetes: the role of illness perceptions and self-efficacy. Journal of Diabetes Research. Article ID 968621.
Abubakari, Cousins, Thomas, Sharma & Naderali 2015.pdf
Download (1MB) | Preview
Self-management is critical if people with diabetes are to minimise their risk of macrovascular and microvascular complications, yet adherence to self-management recommendations is suboptimal. Understanding the predictors of optimal diabetes self-management in specific populations is needed to inform effective interventions. This study investigated the role of demographic and clinical characteristics, illness perceptions, and self-efficacy in explaining adherence to self-management recommendations among people with poorly controlled diabetes in North West of England. Illness perceptions and self-efficacy data were collected using validated questionnaires and clinical data were obtained from hospital records. Correlations were used to investigate bivariate relationships between independent variables and self-management, and multiple regression techniques were used to determine demographic and psychosocial predictors of self-management. Various demographic and clinical characteristics were associated with adherence to self-management recommendations. In particular, employment status explained 11% of the variation in adherence to foot care whilst diabetes treatment category explained 9% of exercise and 21% of the variations in SMBG recommendations. Also, 22% and 8% of the variations in overall self-management were explained by illness perceptions and self-efficacy beliefs, respectively. Illness perceptions and self-efficacy beliefs of people with poorly controlled diabetes are important predictors of their self-management behaviours and could potentially guide effective interventions.
|Faculty / Department:||Faculty of Science > Psychology|
|Depositing User:||Anna Kirpichnikova|
|Date Deposited:||02 Nov 2015 18:36|
|Last Modified:||02 Nov 2015 18:36|
Actions (login required)